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GEOGRAPHIC POSITION, SIZE, AND BOUNDARIES

Temerin Municipality is located in the southeast part of Bačka, on the loess terrace and it belongs to the Southern Bačka district. To the north, it borders with Srbobran Municipality, to the east it borders with Žabalj Municipality, to the south it borders with Novi Sad Municipality, and to the west of it, there is Vrbas Municipality (Map 1). Temerin Municipality occupies the area of 168.88 km2, representing only 0.8% of the territory of the Province (Statisticalal Office of the Republic of Serbia, 2004). Its 29,232 residents represent 1.4% of the overall population of the Province. According to the density of the population with its 173.1 inh/km2 Temerin Municipality is almost twice more populated (1.8 times) than the Province (94.5 inh./km2)

Three settlements are parts of Temerin Municipality: Temerin, Bački Jarak, and Sirig. The vicinity of Novi Sad, the provincial centre and the centre of different levels of communications, represents one of the elements that make the geographical position of Temerin Municipality favourable. However, it is Novi Sad itself as a strong gravitational centre that could have a negative impact on the young population, in other words on their motivation to emigrate.

Four highways go through the territory of the Municipality:

▶▶ International highway Е-75, at the section from Novi Sad to Subotica, goes through the south-west part of the

Municipality;

▶▶ Since 1984, the highway М-22 goes through Sirig and western part of the Municipality connecting Novi Sad and

Srbobran;

▶▶ Regional road R-120 with tangent through Temerin and Bački Jarak goes to eastern part of Bačka, in other words to

Bačko Gradište, Bečej, Ada, Senta and Kanjiža;

▶▶ Regional road R-104 is traced along all of the before mentioned highways and connects Odžak, Zmajevo, via Sirig and

Temerin with Žabalj and Zrenjanin (Geographical map of Vojvodina, 2001). The railway is located in the south-eastern part of the Municipality and it is used for transport of cargo between Novi Sad and Senta, via Žabalj and Bečej

Economic growth factors and economic potentials

Temerin Municipality disposes with significant natural potentials for development of tourism, in which above all belong, protected goods of river Jegrička rich in flora and fauna, abundance of thermo mineral waters suitable for development of spa tourism, as well as natural monument „Stari park”. Various cultural goods that are in the territory of Temerin Municipality, can contribute to the tourist offer, goods such as 11 archaeological localities, castle "Kaštel", ethno house "Brvnara" etc. Apart from the above mentioned, the important "intangible" resource of the Municipality is a tradition of organising tourist manifestations ("Pasuljijada”, Wine fair and etc.), as well as existence of large number of various associations («Jegrička i salaši» hunting and fishermen associations and the like) the objective of which is to promotion and development of tourism in Temerin Municipality.

Opposite to the significant natural and cultural potentials are capacities for accommodation and food services. Analysis indicate to a need for development of better offer of accommodation, as well as a need to improve the level of equipment that is available to existing restaurants and a need for improvement of level of services they provide.3 The analysis in previous paragraphs showed that the basis of economic structure of Temerin Municipality is made up Processing Industry, Trade and Agriculture4, within which operate small and medium sized enterprises, as well as the developed entrepreneur sector.

The most developed industries include metal and metal processing industry, production of construction material and enforcements, wood-processing industry, production of textile, chemical industry, processing of agricultural products etc.5 Enterprises such as FKL, Termovent, Ferocoop, Vizor and Vekić stand out among other enterprises based on their results and contribution to the development of Temerin Municipality. These enterprises confirm their competitiveness by export to foreign markets, and the largest exporter among them is FKL that realises almost 80% of its revenue on foreign markets. The entrepreneur sector is traditionally oriented towards providing of various services6, among which personal craft services are of high significance, as well as wood-processing, production of metal, production of medical equipment, production of equipment for mills, production of shoes, production of textile products, production of plastic products and the like.7 Some of the entrepreneurs with their size do not lag behind numerous small and even some of the mid size enterprises. Therefore, for example enterprise «Beba» employs around 70 workers; Duga employs around 35 workers, Kovač HUDJIK around 35 workers etc.

Temerin Municipality now has a relatively well developed communications infrastructure (railway, two regional highways, Čenej airport), and intensive development of railway and highway traffic is envisaged by the Spatial Plan of Republic of Serbia.

Business environment is primarily affected by factors that are out of reach of local self-government. This refers primarily to economic-system regulations (laws and bylaws) and measures of economic policy of the Republic and Province. Regardless of that, in the existing legal frames there are numerous possibilities for local-self government units to encourage local economy. Usually, such measures are: stimulating of development of small and medium-sized enterprises, stimulating of establishment of new enterprises, promotion of foreign and domestic investments (through promotion, establishment of industrial zones, communal equipping of construction sites, etc), development of “hard” business infrastructure (construction and repair of local roads, construction and repair of business premises, construction and repair of municipal infrastructure, etc.), development of “soft” business infrastructure (providing of education and training to potential and current entrepreneurs or owners of small enterprises, support to research and development, providing of services of business consulting, providing of easier access to financial sources (for example: local guarantee funds), support to establishing and development of business associations (for example: associations of entrepreneurs), support to linking in business, improving of quality of life, better services of local management bodies, etc), cluster development, etc. Naturally, the above-listed support measures are not and should not be the only obligation of local self-government. Without partnership based approach, co-operation and participation of various stakeholders, it is not possible to create a consistent system of support to local economic development, either at local or at higher levels of government.

Out of numerous measures for creating the inciting environment for business, Temerin Municipality has chosen to establish institutions for providing support to local development and business. Hence, for example Temerin Municipality is the founder of the Local (Economic) Development Agency Temerin.8 The Agency is at its very beginnings because it exists for only severalmonths. Up to now, the Agency has applied for several projects. One of the planned projects of the Agency is forming of the database on resources of the Municipality.

At the same time at the initiative of the Municipality in the Spatial plan of Temerin Municipality were envisaged various variants for new working zones, but the construction of the envisaged work zones has not yet started. The locality for possible construction of working complexes was chosen along the state highway of II order Žabalj-Temerin-Vrbas no. 104 more precisely between the settlements of Temerin and Sirig (both sides of the state highway of II order) and west from settlement Sirig up to the cadastre end of the Siring Municipality, from the northern side of the state highway of II order, towards state highway of I order highway E-75. The area for possible construction includes the belt from the regulation line of the before mentioned highway, and goes into depth maximumly 150 metres. Area for possible location of working zones was planned along the regional highway R-120 , on both sides, between the cadastre Municipality Novi Sad and the beginning of development zone of Bački Jarak up to the depth of 150 metres. Another envisaged working zone under the name of "Ilandža» is located west from Temerin settlement between the regional highway R-120 and regional highway R-104, along the future bypass. Priority in construction have the facilities that have been planned as additional structures of the public highway, as well as those working complexes  the activity of which is related to maximum use of highway infrastructure. It is planned that each of the working complexes must have sufficient space for taking place of production process, appropriate communal infrastructure and that each of the working complexes must be in compliance with fire conditions and conditions related to environmental protection. In order to start the realisation of the planned construction conditions have to be met related to maintenance roads in the corridor of public highway in accordance with the conditions of the competent Directorate for roads. Working complexes along these roads need to be in a form of coordinated effort connected onto the public highways via maintenance roads, following the minimal distance of at least 400 metres between the connections.

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KULTURAL EVENTS


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